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Glossary Term I - Web Hosting Glossary

ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers is a global non-profit corporation formed to oversee a select range of Internet technical management functions currently managed by the U.S. Government, or by its contractors and volunteers. Between now and September 2000. ICANN is gradually taking over responsibility for coordinating the assignment of protocol parameters, the management of the domain name and root server systems, and the allocation of IP address space.

IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a world-wide non-profit organization based in the USA with more than 375,000 members worldwide. The main goal of the IEEE is to promote development in electrical engineering and computer science for advancements in technology that will benefit all of humanity.

Iframe
iframe is an HTML tag that is used to place a "frame", often a picture or graphic, inside of a normal HTML document. iframe was first introduced by Microsoft Internet Explorer and was only available in that browser for a long time but is now supported by almost all visual browsers. The content between the iframe tags will be displayed if the iframe itself is not supported.

IIS - Internet Information Server
Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS). Software created by Microsoft that provides internet based web server services like FTP, SMTP, NNTP, and HTTP. Available on all Windows operating systems.

Image Map
An image map allows for one image to be split up into smaller sections. Each section would have a hyperlink that redirects the browser to another site or area of the same site with more information about that particular part of the image. An example would be a world map. When you put your mouse over each country there would be a separate hyperlink. Each hyperlink would redirect the browser to another site or another area of the same site with more detailed information about that country.

Image swap
An image swap, also known as a mouseover or rollover, is when you roll your mouse over a certain part of a web page and it causes some type of change in the display that you see on the screen. For example you may see a blue square then when you roll the mouse over it the image changes to a red square.

IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol
Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) is one of the most popular ways for a person to access their email through a remote server rather than a local computer. IMAP functions allow you to create, delete, and edit email messages and mailboxes.

Intellectual property
Intellectual property refers to some type of intangible property that you have exclusive rights to. Rights may include a patent or trademark right to the design. Intellectual property often includes material like music, art, literature, symbols, or inventions.

Internet
An internet is a group of networks that are connected together. The Internet is the largest internet in the world. The Internet consists of millions of interconnected public and private networks linked together through electronic and optical networking technologies. The Internet allows people to get information and send messages to people thousands of miles away in a matter of seconds.

Internet backbone
An extremely fast network that connects major cities. Most often it utilizes T3 circuits and provides the bandwidth of 45Mbps.

Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer (IE) is a series of web browsers developed by Microsoft Corporation. A web browser allows a user to view and search information on the world wide web (Internet). Internet Explorer is included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating system packages since 1995 and is the most commonly used web browser worldwide.

Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is a communication protocol used to control multicast group membership to assure the most efficient use of resources. Multicast allows for the delivery of information to a number or different destinations at the same time. Usually used for IP Multicasting which is used for streaming media and internet television.

Internet protocol
Internet Protocol (IP) is a network protocol that is essential for data to be transferred from one computer to another over the Internet. IP is the main protocol used to deliver data packets (chunks of information) from one host to another based only on their IP address. Every computer has a unique IP address, a numeric code, that identifies it to other computers worldwide allowing for data transmission from one place to another through an automated computer network.

InterNIC
InterNIC is short for Internet Network Information Center. InterNIC was the first group responsible for domain name and IP address assignment. This job has now become the duty of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

Intranet
A vast internal network structured in a fashion similar to the Internet. Intranets are usually established by large corporate organizations to improve communication. The main difference between the Internet and an intranet is that access to intranets are restricted to authorized members only.

IP - Internet Protocol
See Internet Protocol 

IP Address
Every computer on the Internet has a unique IP (internet protocol) address. An IP address is a unique numeric label that is assigned to each computer in a network. An IP address is used to identify the computer that information is being transferred to or from and the location of that computer. When you type in a website name the network has to translate that name into a numeric code that will then be used for all data transmission. An IP address is displayed as four sets of numbers separated by a period (.).

IP packet
IP packet is the basic data chunk that can be sent over the Internet. All the data is partitioned into IP packets on the sending computer and reassembled on the receiving computer.

IPX - Internetwork Packet Exchange
Internetwork Packet Exchange is a communication protocol designed by Novell used in local area networks to exchange information between network clients, applications, and devices. IPX is not used to transfer information over the Internet.

IRC - Internet Relay Chat
Internet relay chat (IRC) is a form of instant messaging. This is a lot like sending a text message with a cell phone but you see a constant log of the conversation and can have many users all participating in the discussion at the same time. With IRC you can also create a private channel where only two people will be able to send and receive messages.

ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network
An Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a digital telecommunication standard that allows for transmission of voice, text, and video all at once. Transfer rates are typically very fast, 64 kbit/s is standard but ISDN channels can be bonded and achieve even faster data transfer rates with up to 6 or 8 ISDN channels bonded together.

ISO - International Organization for Standardization
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is made up of national standards organizations of many countries. ISO is responsible for creating standards for various industries including computers and communications. ISO works as a bridge between the public and private sector and is not a government body.

ISP - Internet Service Provider
An Internet Service Provider (ISP), also sometimes called Internet Access Provider (IAP), is a business that provides Internet access to its customers. ISP providers generally offer Internet services through a number of connection types such as dial-up, DSL, cable modem, wireless, or a dedicated high-speed interconnect. An ISP may also provide services such as email, Usenet access, or web hosting services to its clients.

Iterative Query
A request, usually made by a resolver, for any information a server already has in memory for a certain domain name.

ITU - International Telecommunication Union
The International Telecommunication Union is an international organization that is part of the United Nations created to form standards and regulate international radio and telecommunications activity.

 
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