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Glossary Term H - Web Hosting Glossary

Hexadecimal
Hexadecimal is a numeral system with a base of 16 that is used in computer science and mathematics. Generally the symbols used to represent each numeral are 0-9 and then the letters A-F for the numbers 10-15. Because hexadecimal is a human-friendly binary code it is often used in digital electronics and computer engineering.

Hexadecimal Color Codes
Hexadecimal Color Codes are a way of demonstrating color in HTML formatting using a 6 digit code in the form of #RRGGBB where RR, GG, and BB are hexadecimal values for the red, green, and blue values of the color.

Hinfo Record
Host Information Record. Strictly informational, not functional. Used to declare the computer type and operating system of a host.

Hit
In computer technology a hit is a request for a file through a web server. When evaluation the requirements of your server knowing the number of hits is useful information.

Home Page
The Home Page is the main page of a web site. This is the page that automatically loads when you first visit a web site or when you click on the "home" button on a web site.

Host
A Host, in relation to computer networking, is a computer connected to the internet or some other data network. The host computer provides clients with data or computing services through a network.

Hosting
Hosting is a type of internet service that allows businesses or individuals to have content on the internet. This means the host provides space for the website being hosted to store files and content for their website. The host will often provide backup and maintenance services for clients as well.

Hosting reseller
A hosting reseller is an account owner that has the ability to use some of his/her allotted hard drive space and bandwidth to host another website on behalf of a third party. The reseller can have a dedicated server that they are "renting" space on or the reseller can be on a shared server that gives him/her permission to rent or sell a certain amount of disk space and bandwidth to a third party.

Hostmaster field
Part of a start of authority record (SOA) that provides information about a domain name system (DNS) zone. The Hostmaster field is the second field in the SOA record and it provides the email address of the domain administrator. However, the @ symbol is not recognized and so replaced the @ symbol with a period (.) and then replaced any period (.) before the @ symbol with a (.).  second field of an SOA record. Informational only, it holds the E-Mail address of the person responsible for maintaining the zone.

Hostname
A hostname is the unique name that identifies a computer on a network. On the internet the hostname is the same as the domain name if there is only one internet site. However, one computer can have more than one hostname if it hosts more than one site on the internet.

htaccess
htaccess or .htaccess stands for hypertext access. In several web servers htaccess is the default name of a main level file that is used to manage a web serverís configuration or arrangement. .htaccess files are often used to indicate the security restrictions for a specific directory.

HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language
Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML is the prime markup language used for creating and formatting a web document. HTML is used to organize text by using headings, paragraphs, tables, links, etc. The formatting is done through "tags", letters representing something surrounded by angle brackets. <> with a p between the brackets is an example of a tag for a paragraph. There are now many WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) applications available that will allow you to edit and format content of a web page without any knowledge of HTML.

HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
Hypertext Transfer Protocol or HTTP is a standard means through which all computers interconnect with each other over the internet or world wide web. HTTP makes it possible for one computer to quickly retrieve HTML documents from another computer.

HTTPS - Secure
Hypertext Transport Protocol Secure or HTTPS is the same as HTTP but adds an added security feature to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data.

Hub
A hub is a central device that connects several computers within a network to each other. In computing there are a number of types of hubs including passive hubs, active hubs, and intelligent hubs or concentrators.

Hyperlink
A hyperlink is a "clickable" area of a webpage that redirects the browser to either another part of the same webpage or to another related webpage on another site when you click on the text or graphic. Often referred to as just a "link".

Hypertext
The term hypertext was invented by Ted Nelson. Hypertext is simply the text part of a hyperlink. You can generally tell if a webpage has hypertext on it because it will be in a different color font, have different formatting or be underlined so that the user can tell that it is a "clickable" area of the website that will lead them to more information on another page of the website or on another related website.

 
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